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Climate Change:


Imza GLOF Monitoring

Melting glaciers has becoming a serious concern not only in Nepal but also in the entire Himalayan region. As a component of environment preservation efforts, NREN have set up wireless network with the support of Keio University, Japan for the observation of potentially risk "Imza Tsho Glacier Lake". Latest observation identified that this is the most potential unsafe glaciers of Khumbu region.

The project has set up two Field server equipped with web‐camera enclosed within a protective shield installed close to the end moraine of Imja Tsho. And three field servers at Namche Bazar. The camera with 360° view angle relays image of the lake through internet every 10 minute along with atmospheric data from the sensors. The project have deployed five (Air temp, Humidity, Solar Radiation, UV Radiation & CO2 concentration) sensors. These data are being regularly transmitted and can be accessed through internet interface (http://fsds.dc.affrc.go.jp/data4/Himalayan/) .The data is being uplinked through ISP facility in Namche Bazaar which is networked with the monitoring unit through relay points at Chhukung- ri and Quangde. As the period of three years the projects have collected vital information relate to the predication of changing scenario of Himalayan climate.

Khopra and Larke Weather Monitoring Station

As one of the initiatives towards addressing the climate change issues, NREN has involved on a pilot projects of Nepal Wireless and the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand, to build weather stations at Khopra and Larke hill of Kaski and Mustang district. Both stations have been collecting weather information (Temperature, Wind chill, Heat index, Humidity, Wind, Precipitation etc.) and the photos of the surrounding.NREN has been contributing its international bandwidth and the technical expertise for this pilot project.


Tele Medicine:

Tele-medicine, an important component of e-health, is one of the most rewarding and promising achievements of the advances in information and communication technology. It has unfolded the possibility of narrowing the gap between developed and underdeveloped countries, between cities and villages and between the 'haves' and 'have nots'. Through making services available to the needy in remotest areas, telemedicine can reduce mortality, morbidity, expenses, and psychological strains and can be a very useful tool for producing health for the people at large.

Several efforts have been ongoing in Nepal to provide access on quality health services for rural majority through Telemedicine. Kathmandu Model Hospital, the medical partner of NREN, with the support of NREN and Nepal Wireless have initiated a pilot project on 2006, which connects more than 80 Km far rural community hospital through setting up wireless network.

This is very successful initiatives and it has been replicating in different remote areas of Nepal. Currently, the initiatives have already connected 10 rural health centers and have been conducting regular virtual classes and real time tele-consults.

After connection with TEIN3, the telemedicine initiatives has broaden and have established better communication and relation with different Medical university, Teaching hospitals and the medical persons across the globe. We are connected to number of universities in the US, Japan, Korea, Australia and conducting regular session with Kyushu University Hospital Japan, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Korea, University of Kansas and the University Of New Mexico Of United States. And also working to develop regional network among South Asian TEIN3 partners.

Currently we have built active connection among following medical organization of Nepal to enhance telemedicine initiatives:

· Kathmandu Model Hospital, Bagbazar (Medical Partner of NREN

· Institute of Medicine, Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu

· Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu

· Communication Health Education Services by Telehealth (CHEST), Maharajgunj, Kathmandu

· Gauri Shankar General Hospital, Dolakha

· Manmohan Memorial Community Hospital, Pharping


Research Network:

Connecting Global Research and Education (R&E) network

Research and Education Network(R&E) is a specialized high-speed dedicated backbone network for supporting the needs of research and education communities. Thousands of R&E organizations are connected each other and share their Information on the network.

As one of the prime motives behind the registration of NREN, We are able to bring these networks in Nepal with the support of European Union and the government of Nepal. NREN has been involving on this EU funded Third Generation Trans-Eurasia Information Network (TEIN3) project on behalf of Nepal as beneficiaries countries of south Asia along with Sri Lanka. India and Pakistan has already connected by its predecessors TEIN2 project. Nepal and Sri Lanka are the latest beneficiaries of these networks.

With direct connectivity to Europe's GEANT network, TEIN3 offers Asia-Pacific a gateway for global collaboration, enabling over 45 million users at more than 8000 research and academic centers to participate in joint project with their peers in Europe and other parts of the world.

Delivery of Advanced Network to Europe (DANTE), European Commission, National research and education networks (NRENs) of Europe and Asia are the partners of this project. Up to the statistics of 2010, TEIN3 already connects researcher and academics in China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam and Australia. Bangladesh, Bhutan and Cambodia are in the process of getting connected.

NREN has established 45Mbps TEIN3 connection with Asian, American and European R&E organization by this project. All of the R&E members of NREN have been experiencing this high speed network from Nepal. We are working to connect more research education institution in our single network which will provide gateway to access TEIN3.

High speed backbone for R&E Network:

NREN have initiated this program by the financial support of Information Society Innovation Fund (ISIF) and In-Kind support from Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC), USA. The project has built network infrastructure among research and education organization and make the physical layer to distribute its 45 Mbps TEIN3 (Trans-Eurasia Information Network) connection to its R&E members.

The project was initiated to improve and strengthen the existing network performance of research and education institution of Nepal. Low speed network, traditional network infrastructure, beyond from APAN (Asia Pacific Advanced Network), absence of our own local network and lack of resource optimization were the motives to implement this project.

As in the first phase of the project, twelve research and education institution, include colleges and research institution affiliated with Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu University and Purbanchal University are connected on this high speed network. We have upgraded the existing network infrastructure of the project beneficiaries institution by handovering them network appliances, i.e., Switch and Router.